2017-08-12

Windows 10 on ThinkPad T440s

The other day I wanted to install Windows 10 on a Lenovo ThinkPad T440s.
It seemed like a simple task:
  1. Download Windows 10 image from Visual Studio subscription.
  2. Extract installation files to USB stick.
  3. Boot ThinkPad on USB stick.
  4. Install Windows 10.
Not quite.
The installation set is not specially large and fits easily on a medium (8 GiB) USB stick.
But the file "install.wim" is larger than 4 GiB in the latest Windows 10 image. And when a USB usually is formatted with FAT32, it can't hold a file larger than 4 GiB.
My first thought was to format the USB stick with exFAT, but the T440s couldn't boot on the USB stick with the installed BIOS level.

My solution was:

  1. Format the USB stick with FAT32.
  2. Download the RTM image of Windows 10 where the file "install.wim" is smaller than 4 GiB.
  3. Extract installation files to the USB stick.
  4. Boot the ThinkPad on the USB stick.
  5. Install Windows 10 RTM.
  6. Update Windows 10 to current release - with several reboots.
How to install Windows 10 later when RTM is not available on Visual Studio subscription might be a larger challenge in the future.
If I meet that challenge then I will update this post.

2017-08-09

Getting and using PowerShell AzureRM

PowerShell


Check if PowerShell is available
powershell.exe
and what version that is installed.
prompt> $Host
or
prompt> $Host.Version

If PowerShell is an old version or not installed, then the installation is done by installing Windows Management Framework (WMF) in the latest version. Take a look at the PowerShell site (link) on MSDN or use your favorite search engine to find the latest version of WMF.

PowerShellGet

PowerShellGet is a PowerShell module that is used to get modules form a repository like PowerShell Gallery.

Check if the module PowerShellGet is installed and if then in what version:
Get-Module -Name PowerShellGet -ListAvailable
The output is a ModuleInfoGrouping object, where the Version property holds a Version object.
Check what version that is the latest in the repository:
Find-Module -Name PowerShellGet -Repository PSGallery
Compare the Version elements in the outputs.
The output is a ModuleInfoGrouping object, where the Version property holds a Version object like the output from the Cmdlet Get-Module.
You might have several versions of the same module installed. Then you should compare on the latest version.

Install the latest version of the PowerShellGet module:
Install-Module -Name PowerShellGet -AllowClobber -Force
I have seen this warning (error?) some times:
WARNING: The version '1.1.4.0' of module 'PackageManagement' is currently in use. Retry the operation after closing the applications.
A PowerShell restart does not help. I have not looked deeper in this issue.

Update the PowerShellGet module to the latest version:
Update-Module -Name PowerShellGet
I have seen that version 1.0.0.1 of PowerShellGet can't be updated, but the update doesn't fail.

Uninstall the module in all versions installed:
Uninstall-Module -Name PowerShellGet -AllVersions -Force
Again PowerShellGet in version 1.0.0.1 stand out as it is not uninstalled, but the uninstall doesn't fail.
If I try a version specific uninstall
Uninstall-Module -Name PowerShellGet -RequiredVersion '1.0.0.1'
then there is an error
PackageManagement\Uninstall-Package : No match was found for the specified search criteria and module names 'PowerShellGet'.
At C:\Program Files\WindowsPowerShell\Modules\PowerShellGet\1.1.3.2\PSModule.psm1:2252 char:21
+ ... $null = PackageManagement\Uninstall-Package @PSBoundParameters
+ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+ CategoryInfo : ObjectNotFound: (Microsoft.Power...ninstallPackage:UninstallPackage) [Uninstall-Package], Exception
+ FullyQualifiedErrorId : NoMatchFound,Microsoft.PowerShell.PackageManagement.Cmdlets.UninstallPackage

where it looks like a newer version is installed, but that does not show through Get-Module -ListAvailable. It might be the installation on my computer that has broken during several Install-Update-Uninstall sessions. I have not looked deeper in this issue.

Import the PowerShellGet module in the current PowerShell session with this statement:
Import-Module -Name PowerShellGet
This is usually not needed as the module is loaded when installed.

List functions available in module:
Get-Command -Module PowerShellGet

Remove the PowerShellGet module with
Remove-Module -Name PowerShellGet
but why???

AzureRM

It is the same Cmdlets as used with PowerShellGet above, but I go through the phases anyway to see the differences.

Check the installed and available version:
Get-Module -Name AzureRm -ListAvailable
Find-Module -Name AzureRM -Repository PSGallery


Install the latest version:
Install-Module -Name AzureRM -AllowClobber -Force

Update to the latest version:
Update-Module -Name AzureRM

Uninstall the module:
Uninstall-Module -Name AzureRM -AllVersions -Force

Import the module in the current PowerShell session:
Import-Module -Name AzureRM

List functions available in module:
Get-Command -Module AzureRM

Remove the module from the current PowerShell session:
Remove-Module -Name AzureRM

Context

Windows 7 (Enterprise), WMF 5